Sanskrit Glossary

Ānanda: happiness, bliss
Āshram(a): here, center for spiritual practices and studies
  teacher of higher knowledge
  in Yoga: position or posture of the body; also, seat
  "Science of life/longevity"; ancient Indian system of natural health and medicine
  name of the script used for classical Sanskrit; also for Hindi, Marathi and other languages
  teacher; especially spiritual teacher
  "residence or family of the Guru"; teaching institution, according to traditional education system
the Yoga of āsana, prāṇāyāma, purification practices, etc.
  action, work; the result of past deeds according to the law of action and reaction
  a syllable, word, phrase or verse chanted for meditation, prayer or spiritual studies; positive suggestion
  Om: the mystical sacred syllable; designation for the Supreme
shāntih: peace, tranquility
  breathing exercises; expansion of prāṇa, the life force
  full moon; day of the full moon
  in Indian music: traditional musical mode, melodic pattern or order of sounds
  one of the two major epics of ancient India; the life story of Rāma
  sad (sat): eternally existing
guru: (inner) teacher
"pure or refined form of speech"; Sanskrit, the ancient language of India and source of the universal Vedic tradition including Yoga philosophy
selfless service; devoted service without ulterior motive
  "thread, string"; a concise statement, aphorism; a highly condensed style of literature in Sanskrit
  "master"; a spiritual or religious teacher
  ancient mystical teachings, texts associated with the Vedas; the original Vedānta
  "knowledge"; the most ancient collection of sacred writings in the Indian tradition
  "the end / end goal / essence of the Vedas"; the Upaniṣhads; the last of the six systems of Indian philosophy, concerned with Self knowledge, Supreme Consciousness
  "union"; the state of harmony and union of individual existence with cosmic existence; a system of physical, mental and spiritual practices designed to lead to transformation and liberation